(* implies equal contribution)


  • K. Göpfrich, M. Urban, C. Frey, L. Platman, J. Spatz, and N. Liu
    Dynamic actuation of DNA-assembled plasmonic nanostructures in microfluidic cell-sized compartments
    Nano Letters, in press

  • F. Neubrech, M. Hentschel, and N. Liu
    Reconfigurable plasmonic chirality: fundamentals and applications
    Invited review, Advanced Materials, in press.

  • A. Peil, P. F. Zhan, and N. Liu
    DNA origami catenanes templated by gold nanoparticles
    Cover Article
    Small 16, 1905987 (2020).




  • X. Lan, Z. M. Su, Y. D. Zhou, T. Meyer, Y. G. Ke, Q. B. Wang, W. Chiu, N. Liu, S. L. Zou, H. Yan, and Y. Liu
    Programmable supra-assembly of DNA surface adapter for tunable chiral directional self-assembly of gold nanorods
    Angewandte Chemie International Edition 56, 14632 (2017).

  • C. Zhou, X. Y. Duan, and N. Liu
    DNA nanotechnology-enabled chiral plasmonics: from static to dynamic
    Cover Article
    Invited review, Accounts of Chemical Research 50, 2906 (2017).
    News article at HEISE 'Physiker Basteln Nano-Systeme aus DNA'.

  • Y. Chen*, X. Y. Duan*, M. Matuschek*, Y. Zhou, F. Neubrech, H. G. Duan, N. Liu
    Dynamic color displays using stepwise cavity resonators
    Nano Letters 17, 5555 (2017).

  • M. Hentschel, M. Schäferling, X. Y. Duan, H. Giessen, and N. Liu
    Chiral plasmonics
    Invited review, Science Advances 3, e1602735 (2017).

  • A. Kuzyk, M. Urban, A. Idili, F. Ricci, and N. Liu
    Selective control of reconfigurable chiral plasmonic metamolecules
    Science Advances 3, e1602803 (2017).
    News article 'Self-assembled nanostructures can be selectively controlled'.

  • X. Y. Duan, S. Kamin, and N. Liu
    Dynamic plasmonic colour display
    Nature Communications 8, 14606 (2017).
    News article at MPG 'Zaubertinte aus der Nanowelt'.
    News article at the EU Research & Innovation Magazine 'Fireworks on a pinhead as electrons enable colours in 100 000 pixels per inch'.


  • M. Urban, P. Dutta, P. Wang, X. Y. Duan, X. B. Shen, B. Ding, Y. G. Ke, and N. Liu
    Plasmonic toroidal metamolecules assembled by DNA origami
    JACS 138, 5495 (2016).

  • X. Y. Duan, S. Kamin, F. Sterl, H. Giessen, and N. Liu
    Hydrogen-regulated chiral nanoplasmonics
    Nano Letters 16, 1462 (2016).

  • A. Kuzyk, Y. Y. Yang, X. Y. Duan, S. Stoll, A. O. Govorov, H. Sugiyama, M. Endo, and N. Liu
    A light-driven 3D plasmonic nanosystem that translates molecular motion into reversible chiroptical function
    Nature Communications 7, 10591 (2016).
    News article at MPG 'Nanoscharnier – mit Licht geschmiert'.
    Featured highlight in perspective article ‘Applying plasmonics to a sustainable future’ by Mark Brongersma in Science.


  • M. Urban, C. Zhou, X. Y. Duan, and N. Liu
    Optically resolving the dynamic walking of a plasmonic walker couple
    Nano Letters 15, 8392 (2015).

  • X. Y. Duan, S. Yue, and N. Liu
    Understanding complex chiral plasmonics
    Nanoscale 7, 17237 (2015).

  • C. Zhou, X. Y. Duan, and N. Liu
    A plasmonic nanorod that walks on DNA origami
    Nature Communications 6, 8102 (2015).
    News article at MPG 'Nanotechnologie: Nanoläufer im Laserblick'.


  • A. Tittl, M. G. Harats, R. Walter, X. Y. Yin, M. Schäferling, N. Liu, R. Rapaport, and H. Giessen
    Quantitative angle-resolved small-spot reflectance measurements on plasmonic perfect absorbers: impedance matching and disorder effects
    ACS Nano 8, 10885 (2014).

  • N. Li, A. Tittl, S. Yue, H. Giessen, C. Song, B. Ding, and N. Liu
    DNA-assembled bimetallic plasmonic nanosensors
    Nature Light Science and Applications 3, e226 (2014).
    Featured highlight in perspective article ‘Nanoplasmonic sensing and detection’ by Mark Stockman in Science.

  • A. Kuzyk, R. Schreiber, H. Zhang, A. Govorov, T. Liedl, and N. Liu
    3D reconfigurable plasmonic metamolecules
    Nature Materials 13, 862 (2014).
    News and Views by Andrea Di Falco in Nature Materials, ‘Chiral plasmonic nanostructures: Twisted by DNA’.
    News article at MPG ‘DNA als Lichtschalter’.
    News article in Nanowerk ‘DNA used as a nano-gold lightswitch’.

  • A. Tittl, H. Giessen, and N. Liu
    Plasmonic gas and chemical sensing
    Invited review, Nanophotonics 3, 157 (2014). 


  • X. B. Shen, P. F. Zhan, A. Kuzyk, Q. Liu, A. Asenjo-Garcia, H. Zhang, F. J. García de Abajo, A. Govorov, B. Q. Ding, and N. Liu
    3D plasmonic chiral colloids
    Nanoscale 6, 2077 (2013).

  • X. b. Shen, A. Asenjo-Garcia, Q. Liu, Q. Jiang, J. García de Abajo, N. Liu*, and B. Q. Ding*
    3D plasmonic chiral tetramers assembled by DNA origami
    Nano Letters 13, 2128 (2013).

  • A. Tittl, X. Yin, H. Giessen, X. D. Tian, Z. Q. Tian, C. Kremers, D. N. Chigrin, and N. Liu
    Plasmonic smart dust for probing local chemical reactions
    Nano Letters 13, 1816 (2013).
    News article in Chemistry World ‘Plasmonic smart dust conjures kinetics clues’.
    News article in Nanowerk ‘Plasmonic smart dust to probe local chemical reactions’.

  • N. Liu*, F. Wen*, Y. Zhao*, Y. M. Wang, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and A. Alu          
    Individual nanoantennas loaded with three-dimensional optical nanocircuits
    Nano Letters 13, 142 (2013).
    Featured highlight ‘Optical nanocircuits’ in Nature Materials 12, 178 (2013).


  • F. Wen*, J. Ye*, N. Liu*, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas                                                              
    Plasmonic transmutation: introducing new modes in nanoclusters by adding dielectric nanoparticles
    Nano Letters 12, 5020 (2012).

  • N. Liu, S. Mukherjee, K. Bao, Y. Li, L. Brown, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas                     
    Manipulating magnetic plasmon propagation in metallic nanocluster networks                               
    ACS Nano 6, 5482 (2012).
    News article in ‘Fused molecules guide magnetic plasmons’.

  • M. Hentschel, M. Schäferling, Th. Weiss, N. Liu, and H. Giessen                                           
    Three-dimensional chiral plasmonic oligomers                                                 
    Nano Letters 12, 2542 (2012).

  • T. J. Davis, M. Hentschel, N. Liu, and H. Giessen                                                                
    Analytical model of the three-dimensional plasmonic ruler                                                         
    ACS Nano 6, 1291 (2012).
    Featured highlight ‘How 3D Plasmonic rulers measure up?’ in ACS Nano 6, 990 (2012).

  • N. Liu and A. Pucci,                                                                                                            
    Know your molecules                                                                                                 
    Nature Materials 11, 9 (2012).

  • X. B. Shen, C. Song, J. Y. Wang, D. W. Shi, Z. G. Wang, N. Liu*, B. Q. Ding*                
    Rolling up gold nanoparticle-dressed DNA origami into three-dimensional plasmonic chiral nanostructures                  
    JACS 134, 146 (2012).

  • N. Liu, S. Mukherjee, K. Bao, L. Brown, J. Dorfmüller, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas              
    Magnetic plasmon formation and propagation in artificial aromatic molecules                       
    Nano Letters 12, 364 (2012). 



  • M. Hentschel, M. Saliba, H. Giessen, A. P. Alivisatos, and N. Liu                                            
    Transition from isolated to collective modes in plasmonic oligomers                                       
    Nano Letters 10, 2721 (2010).
    News article by Jörg Heber ‘The dark side of photonics’.
    News and Views by Mark I. Stockman ‘Dark-hot resonances’ in Nature 467, 541 (2010).

  • N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen                                                      
    Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor                                            
    Nano Letters 10, 2342 (2010).
  • N. Liu
    Coupling games in metamaterials

    Physik Journal, 09/2010, 57 (2010).

  • H. Liu, J. X. Cao, S. N. Zhu, N. Liu, R. Ameling, and H. Giessen
    Lagrange model for the chiral optical properties of plasmonic stereometamaterials

    Phys. Rev. B 81, 241403(R) (2010).

  • N. Liu and H. Giessen
    Coupling effects in optical metamaterials
    Invited review, Angewandte Chemie International Edition 49, 9838 (2010).
    This paper has been featured in Nature Chemistry 4, 1275 (2012).


  • N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirschner, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen
    Planar metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing
    Nano Letters 10, 1103 (2009).
    Cover article of Nano letters
    News article in Technology Review ‘Goldener Durchblick
    This paper is one of the most cited papers in Nano Letters of the last 3 years.

  • N. Liu, L. Langguth, T. Weiss, J. Kästel, M. Fleischhauer, T. Pfau, and H. Giessen
    Plasmonic analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency at the Drude damping limit     
    Nature Materials 8, 758 (2009).
    Cover article of Nature Materials.
    News and Views by S. A. Maier ‘Plasmonics: The benefits of darkness’ in Nature Materials 8, 699 (2009).
    Featured highlight ‘Plasmonic transparency’ in Nature Physics 5, 532 (2009).

  • O. Graydon, H. Giessen, and N. Liu
    A clever twist
    Nature Photonics 3, 176 (2009).

  • N. Liu, H. Liu, S. Zhu, and H. Giessen
    Nature Photonics 3, 157 (2009).
    Cover article of Nature Photonics.
    News article by Oliver Graydon ‘A clever twist’ in Nature Photonics 3, 176 (2009).



  • N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, H. Schweizer, S. Kaiser, and H. Giessen
    Plasmon hybridization in stacked cut-wire metamaterials    
    Advanced Materials 19, 3628 (2007)

  • N. Liu, H. Guo, L. Fu, H. Schweizer, S. Kaiser, and Harald Giessen
    Electromagnetic resonances in single and double split-ring resonator metamaterials in the near infrared
    Phys. stat. sol. (b) 244, 1251 (2007)
  • H. Guo, N. Liu, L. Fu, T. P. Meyrath, T. Zentgraf, H. Schweizer, and H. Giessen
    Resonance hybridization in double split-ring resonator metamaterials
    Optics Express 15, 12095 (2007).

  • H. Schweizer, L. Fu, H. Gräbeldinger, H. Guo, N. Liu, S. Kaiser, and H. Giessen,
    Negative permeability around 630 nm in nanofabricated meander metamaterials
    Phys. stat. sol. (a) 204, 3886 (2007).

  • H. Schweizer, L. Fu, H. Gräbeldinger, H. Guo, N. Liu, S. Kaiser, and H. Giessen
    Longitudinal capacitance design for optical left-handed metamaterials
    Phys. stat. sol. (b) 244, 1243 (2007).

  • H. Guo, N. Liu, L. Fu, H. Schweizer, S. Kaiser, and H. Giessen 
    Thickness dependence of the optical properties of split-ring resonator metamaterials
    Phys. stat. sol. (b) 244, 1256 (2007).

  • L. Fu, H. Schweizer, H. Guo, N. Liu, and H. Giessen         
    Analysis of metamaterials using transmission line models
    Appl. Phys. B 86, 425 (2007).

  • C. Rockstuhl, T. Zentgraf, H. Guo, N. Liu, C. Etrich, I. Loa, K. Syassen, J. Kuhl, F. Lederer, and H. Giessen          
    Resonances of split-ring resonator metamaterials in the near infrared
    Appl. Phys. B 84, 219 (2006).        


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